European Commission Dircectorate-General for Energy Concerted Action - Energy performance of buildings


Full length report of study on cost optimal levels for energy performance requirements now available

The CA conducted a study on experiences and challenges for setting cost optimal levels for energy performance requirements. The results were used as input by the EU Commission in their work of establishing the Regulation on a comparative methodology framework for calculating cost optimal levels of minimum energy performance requirements. In addition to the summary report released in August 2011, the full detailed report on this study is now also made available, just as the EC is about to publish its proposed Regulation for MS to apply in their process to update national building requirements. Download the document here.

A set of 4 EPBD CA technical reports has been released

Terms and definitions for high performance buildings used in the EU Member States

As first step towards the national application of the nearly zero-energy building definition of the EPBD recast, the CA has developed an overview of the used terms for high performance buildings, the built examples and the applied definitions. Member States representatives also informed about national incentive programmes for high performance buildings.

The price of energy performance certificates

The CA conducted a study on the price of energy performance certificates in Member States. Identification of factors that most influence the price can help the practical implementation of building energy certification schemes. It can be concluded that the price of certification depends mainly on the cost of the work of the expert and is defined, for the majority of MS, by market conditions.

Quality assurance for energy performance certificates

One of the main provisions in the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive 2002/91/EC is the development of certification of buildings, in order to make energy consumption levels visible to owners, tenants and users, and to raise the awareness on energy efficiency whenever a building is constructed, sold or newly rented out. Lack of quality can destroy the credibility of the certification system and lead to problems within official acts and with compliance with the legal national requirements. In order to implement certificates as a meaningful and reliable source of information, numerous countries have decided to implement a quality assurance system for the Energy Performance Certificates. A review of the national approaches can be found in the report.

Inspection of Heating and Air-conditioning systems – Strategies for cost-effective implementation

Cost effectiveness is a key issue for inspections, in view of the additional requirements introduced by the EPBD Recast. It is essential to carefully consider the role and behaviour of the relevant market actors (building owners and maintenance staff) to reach the objective of ensuring good maintenance while maximising energy savings and minimising investments, to improve energy efficiency in heating and cooling systems.

A Contribution from the CA towards the Cost-Optimal Regulation that the EC will publish during the Summer 2011 is now available.

The CA conducted a study on experiences and challenges for setting cost optimal levels for energy performance requirements. The results were used as input by the EU Commission in their work of establishing the Regulation on a comparative methodology framework for calculating cost optimal levels of minimum energy performance requirements. Click here to download.

The book 'Implementing the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD)' (featuring country reports 2010) is now available. Click here to download this book.

Individual country reports 2010
(click on the name of the country to download the country report)
AustriaBelgium Brussels Capital RegionBelgium Flemish RegionBelgium Walloon RegionBulgariaCroatiaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkEngland and Wales, Scotland and Northern IrelandEstoniaFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceHungaryIrelandItalyLatviaLithuaniaLuxembourgMaltaNorwayPolandPortugalRomaniaSlovak RepublicSloveniaSpainSwedenThe Netherlands

Individual Core theme reports (click on the name of the Core Theme to download the report)


  1. Book of country reports 2008
  2. Executive Summary Report on the Interim Conclusions of the Concerted Action (February 2010)

Reducing energy consumption and eliminating wastage are among the main goals of the European Union (EU). EU support for improving energy efficiency will prove decisive for competitiveness, security of supply and for meeting the commitments on climate change made under the Kyoto protocol. There is significant potential for reducing consumption. With 40% of our energy consumed in buildings, the EU has introduced legislation to ensure that they consume less energy.

A key part of this legislation is the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) which requires all EU countries to enhance their building regulations and to introduce energy certification schemes for buildings. All countries are also required to have inspections of boilers and air-conditioners.

The introduction of national laws meeting EU requirements is challenging, as the legislation has many advanced aspects. It is a great opportunity to mobilise energy efficiency in EU buildings, but also a formidable and continuing challenge for many EU countries.

To support EU countries in this task, the Concerted Action (CA) EPBD was launched by the European Commission to promote dialogue and exchange of best practice between them. An intensely active forum of national authorities from 29 countries, it focuses on finding common approaches to the most effective implementation of this EU legislation.

The multi-faceted format of the forum, with specialist workshops combined with high level discussions, allied to networking opportunities and web resources, has centred on sharing -and inspiring- smart solutions for the professional tools, skills and systems in all fields addressed by the legislation. These solutions are now being applied across the majority of EU countries.

When initiated in 2005, most countries were still at the planning stage, but are now well advanced. After stimulating advancement and convergence across the EU, the approach was enhanced in 2007. The countries now share real operating experience and the Concerted Action provides ever increasing practical value and deeper learning to all participating authorities, playing its role in ensuring the success of this Directive as a vital instrument of EU energy efficiency policy in the built environment.

The CA is funded under Intelligent Energy–Europe under the European Union's Competitiveness and Innovation Programme.


  • Assist with creation and adoption of national laws and regulations for certification, inspection and testing markets
  • Create favourable conditions for common solutions and standardisation
  • Support the follow up of legislative implementation
  • Encourage sharing of experience, good practice and networking in the field:
    CEN The CEN working groups in charge of preparing the new standards which offer a more harmonised implementation of the EPBD
    BUILD UP The BUILD UP website (www.buildup.eu) is a new environment for building professionals, local authorities and building occupants willing to share their experience on how to cut energy consumption in buildings

    The promotion and dissemination projects supported by the Intelligent Energy Europe which address various issues related to the EPBD implementation and take-off


  • The Concerted Action EPBD is carried out under the coordination of ADENE, the Portuguese National Energy Agency
  • The consortium is composed of organisations designated by all 27 EU Member States, plus Norway and Croatia
  • The activities revolve around 6 meetings, each with over 100 participants, held over a 3-year period (December 2007 – November 2010)
  • Working groups and networking take place between the meetings
  • Only national authorities implementing the Directive are involved, or those bodies appointed and entrusted by the national authorities to do so
  • Invited experts attend to give additional specialist view points


The Concerted Action EPBD covers five Core Themes:
  1. Certification procedures
  2. Inspection of boilers and air-conditioning systems
  3. Specifications and training requirements for experts and inspectors
  4. Methods and procedural aspects for energy performance characterisation
  5. Information campaigns


See also News/Downloads


Who's leading the way forward in the Concerted Action EPBD?
  • General coordination is lead by Eduardo Maldonado, Portugal
  • Certification of Buildings by Kirsten Thomsen, Denmark
  • Inspection of boilers and air-conditioning systems by Marcello Antinucci, Italy
  • Specifications and training requirements for experts and inspectors by Kevin O'Rourke, Ireland
  • Methods and procedural aspects for energy performance characterisation by Hans Erhorn, Germany
  • Information campaigns by Hans van Eck, The Netherlands
  • Evaluation of participant satisfaction by Andras Zold, Hungary
  • Internal and external communications by Peter Wouters, Belgium
  • Logistics and reporting by Aleksander Panek, Poland

Last update: 10 januari 2012